Quality On Time

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“Quality On Time Interview Questions and Answers will guide you that Quality On Time is an informal reference to time spent with loved ones which is in some way important, special, productive or profitable. It is time that is set aside for paying full and undivided attention to the person/matter at hand. Learn more about Quality On Time with this Quality On Time Interview Questions with Answers guide”



14 Quality On Time Questions And Answers

1⟩ Explain Team Skill Mix in Quality On Time?

* Business Skilled (a.k.a. "Subject Matter Expert" or "SME"): Understands business needs in-depth, spotty knowledge of technology, no coding knowledge

* Tester Skilled: Understands discipline of testing and test development, spotty knowledge of scripting/coding

* Developer Skilled: Understands software development practices. Proficient coder. Usually NOT skilled in the discipline of testing!

* Guru: Understands software development practices in-depth at the strategic and tactical level. Also understands test practices in-depth. Gets the "Full-Picture".

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2⟩ Explain Typical Framework Components in Quality On Time?

► Test Harness Structure/Directory Tree

--Framework Components Across AUTs

--AUT-specific constructs

--Release/Version-specific constructs

► Scripting Templates and Coding Standards

--Testing Hierarchy, Test Templates, Function Templates

► Configuration Management Tools, Policies, Procedures

--PVCS, ClearCase, MS SourceSafe, etc.

► Mechanisms to address peculiarities of specific technologies

--Functions for increased class support for Active X, etc.

► Data repository or Database

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3⟩ Unattended Requirements in Quality On Time?

* Determine continuum of unattended needs:

--Close monitoring of executing scripts

--Daily lab execution with periodic monitoring

--Overnight execution - little of no monitoring

* Harness robustness and error-recovery must be adequate for level of unattended need

* Typically requires strategies and negotiations with Network Security to ensure testing needs and security needs are met

* Central Reporting Log (Cycle Execution Log) can additionally be implemented for remote status monitoring

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4⟩ Explain verifiable levels of test coverage in Quality On Time?

► Integrated framework for testing designed to support tight Test Execution Cycle goals with verifiable levels of test coverage

► Considers the "Paraclete Relationship": the tight bond between the test system and the system under test

--Low maintenance requirements on the test framework per change in the AUT

► Wrapped around a central relational database (ODBC)

► Works on several tools offered by major vendors

► Central point of maintenance for all test artifacts

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5⟩ Explain A Closer Look at Team Skill Mix in Quality On Time?

► Typical mix: 2:8:1 (2 SMEs; 8 Testers; 1 Developer/Guru)

--Such "Stratified Teams" are most efficient - required level of abstraction is raised for the typical test writer and coding challenges are placed on developer/guru

► SMEs should be trained in the discipline of testing

--Hierarchies and types of testing, Testability of requirements, what verifications constitute necessary and sufficient testing, etc.

► SMEs and Testers together constitute the "Test Scripters"

--Combination of Record and Function Generator (F7) Calls to start

► Developers/Gurus constitute "Test Harness Support"

--Work with scripters to write functions to streamline scripting

--Supports/expands the framework infrastructure

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6⟩ Explain A Closer Look at Test Frameworks in Quality On Time?

# A Plethora of "Architectural Frameworks" have emerged over the past several years

--General Purpose Frameworks: "One-Size-Fits-All"

--Technology-Specific (Telephony Interfaces, Multi-Platform Applications, etc.)

# Very difficult to anticipate all requirements in a "One-Size-Fits-All" model --Unnecessary constructs (e.g.: May contain elaborate environment constructs for single environment projects, etc.)

--Insufficient constructs (e.g.: May lack key Active X support for required third-party controls, etc.)

--Success of a framework is often hard to measure

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7⟩ Explain Number of Supported Applications and Releases in Quality On Time?

► Tool should load with full knowledge of AUT

--For single AUT, harness-load command added to config (e.g.: TSLINIT for WinRunner or Settings --> Options -->Environment -->Startup Test)

--Loads harness, all AUT-specific extensions, GUI Map Files, etc.

► For Teams with Multiple Projects

--Embed a User Interface step (e.g.: "create_list_dialogue") to select AUT at tool startup

► Helpful Hint Should also load knowledge and functions for any needed ancillary applications (Telnet sessions, Middleware apps, Rumba, etc.)

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8⟩ Explain Strategic Considerations in Quality On Time?

► Before implementing a framework, the Test Organization should clarify its Strategic Goals and Objectives.

--Specific Risks Identified & Mitigated

--Measurement Requirements (Metrics)

--Timeliness Goals (Test Cycle Turnaround Time)

--Test Coverage Requirements (Code, Window/Object, Req’ts)

--Team Skill Mix Requirements (e.g.: 1:10 Technical/Business)

--Test Maintenance Requirements

► If properly framed, the framework’s major requirements should follow the Strategic Goals and Objectives of the Test Organization

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9⟩ Explain Miscellaneous in Quality On Time?

* Harness and Tests should be under Configuration Management/Version Control

* Consider mechanisms to differentiate between a failed test (AUT is really broken) and a failed test case (test case is not implemented correctly)

* Build a little, Test a little

* Test Early/Test Often

* Consider implementing links to ancillary applications to assist in defect discovery (Boundschecker, Norton Utilities, etc.)

* Keep it simple!

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10⟩ Explain Maturity of Applications in Quality On Time?

# Mature Applications: Straightforward scripting,

--AUT is stable: slight risk to script base per change in AUT

# New Applications (can expect changes in windows/objects/navigational paths)

--Considerable risk to existing script base as AUT changes

--Affects "granularity" of the test case

# If risk to existing script base is moderate of high

--Consider a "State Navigation" component to the Framework

--Allows navigational components of a test to be consolidated for ease of maintenance

--Must understand the "Anatomy of a Test Case"

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11⟩ Explain Evaluation Criteria in Quality On Time?

* Supports Strategic QA Goals & Objectives

* Conceptual Simplicity & Streamlined Use

* Efficient and Effective Test Development, Execution, and Reporting

* Maintenance and Robustness Considerations (Scripts and Harness)

* Each Construct is Necessary, Sum of Constructs are Sufficient

* Poised for Expansion

* Matched to Team Skill Set

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12⟩ Explain Skill Mix Impact on Framework in Quality On Time?

* Strive for the simplest scripting environment possible

--Move all complexities to the Developer/Guru

--Gated by the skills of the Developers/Gurus

* Open Architecture allows tremendous flexibility in customization

* Hide as much of the complexity of the framework as possible

--Automatically load harness components at tool load time

--Incorporate routine maintenance and special reporting needs into simple function calls

* Consider the maintainability and simplicity of the framework itself when making enhancements to it

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13⟩ Explain A Closer Look at State Navigation in Quality On Time?

* By combining setup and restore functions into a State Navigation component, we can eliminate about 30%* of the required steps to each test case

* Such reduction affects those portions of the test cases that are most prone to rework as per change in the AUT

* Can also perform routine tasks such as monitoring system resources, timestamping, and error recovery

* * Average based on 6 years experience across wide range of industries and applications

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14⟩ Explain Distributed Requirements in Quality On Time?

* Scripts must retain independence from each other

--If there are script dependencies, consider a 2-tier approach where at the "batch" tier (sometimes called Scenario) is independent, and all dependencies are handled within batch script

* Consider concurrent impact on data --Similar test cases require different input data to run on different machines simultaneously

--Consider implementing machine-specific (C: drive) and machine-independent (LAN drive) data sources to feed data-driven tests

* Central Reporting Log (Cycle Execution Log) can be implemented to collect remote results of all machines in the test cycle

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