General Ledger

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32 General Ledger Questions And Answers

1⟩ Explain What is an accrual?

Accrual basis of accounting means that the costs or revenues of events are recognized in the period in which they occur, though the cash flows may take place in another accounting period.

Like for a period of July 05 - October 05, if the organization was due to receive 1000K from an individual X but has not recieved yet for some reason, will recieve in November 05. It would be still be accounted for in the period July 05 - October 05 and not the period starting from November 05.


6⟩ List some steps for balancing of ledger account?

This involves following steps:

☛ First total of both the sides are taken.

☛ Secondly difference between the totals of both the sides is calculated.

☛ If the debit side is in excess to the credit side then place the difference on the credit side by writing By Balance c/fd.

☛ If the total of credit side is in excess to the debit side, place the difference on the debit side by writing To Balance c/fd.

☛ After placing the difference on the appropriate side, make sure the totals of both the sides are equal.


7⟩ What do you know about balancing a ledger account?

To know the net effect of all the business transactions recorded in the ledger account, the accounts need to be balanced. Thus, Balancing of Ledger Account means the balances of Debit and Credit side should be equal.


9⟩ List some steps for reconciliation process at account level?

The reconciliation process at the account level typically comprises the following steps:

☛Beginning balance investigation. Match the beginning balance in the account to the ending reconciliation detail from the prior period. If the amounts do not match, investigate the reason for the variance in the prior period. If the account has not been reconciled for some time, it is possible that the error lies several periods in the past.

☛Current period investigation. Match the transactions reported in the account within the period to the underlying transactions, and adjust as necessary.

☛Adjustments review. Review all adjusting journal entries recorded in the account within the period for appropriateness, and adjust as necessary.

☛Reversals review. Ensure that all journal entries that should have reversed within the period have been reversed.

☛Ending balance review. Verify that the ending detail for the account matches the ending account balance.


10⟩ What qualities do you have that can make you a good accountant in general ledger?

Aside from the obvious ones such as numeracy and interpersonal skills, key skills will include determination and self discipline (to get through the difficult professional examinations) and an interest in the business world generally. An ability to work in (and ultimately lead) teams, strong analytical skills, good verbal and written communication skills and curiosity (particularly on the audit side) are some of the others you could mention, if you are not strong in some of these areas then you may have problems making a persuasive case for yourself.


12⟩ Do you know what is a general ledger account?

A general ledger account is an account or record used to sort and store balance sheet and income statement transactions.

Examples of general ledger accounts include:

The asset accounts such as Cash, Accounts Receivable, Inventory, Investments, Land and Equipment.


13⟩ Please tell me what is a general ledger?

A general ledger is a complete record of financial transactions over the life of a company. The ledger holds account information that is needed to prepare financial statements and includes accounts for assets, liabilities, owner's equity, revenues and expenses.


14⟩ Explain What is the significance of responsibility in oracle applications?

users cannot access the concurrent programs ( just like Forms) until unless the program is attached to a responsibility through a ?Request Group?. Thus the responsibilities provide the complete security by restricting access to forms, reports, tables( through data-groups) and also to specific records ( through profile options like Set of Books Id, MO Org Id).


15⟩ Explain What is about Future Period and Adjustment Period?

Future period means in oracle not yet opened, u can't post any entry in this period, U can have two future periods or one displayed in calendar options, adjustment period means, normally company may have 12 months, or 13 months as per co's requirements, if u have 13 month, Jan to Dec its 12 months, additional one month i.e dec say example 25th to 31st Dec. So here we have 13 months, additional 5 days called adjustment period, this is use full to enter additional entries Audit time,if your dec period is closed, u may still have 5 days period to entry adjustment entries given by auditors.


18⟩ how strong in finance? justify sensex is the backbone of national income? Assume that you are going to merge one company? what are the steps are u taken?

It is true that sensex is the backbone of national income. Sensex is an index that measures the movement of the share prices of a group of major companies from different sectors of the economy , which implies that it is a measure of shareholders' expectations of companies' future performance based on future plans of companies and the overall economic scenario.


20⟩ Tell me what are control ledgers?

In a business, sometimes it is not feasible to carry accounts of all the suppliers and customers in the main ledger. In such cases apart from general or main ledger, the control ledgers are maintained. Control ledgers records the individual accounts. In the end of the period, balance shown in the main ledger has to tally with the balance in the individual ledger accounts maintained in the control ledger.