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“Aircraft Engineering frequently Asked Questions in various Aircraft Engineering job Interviews by interviewer. Get preparation of Aircraft Engineering job interview”

66 Aircraft Engineering Questions And Answers

1⟩ Define aeronautical engineering?

Aeronautical engineering was the original term for the field. As flight technology advanced to include craft operating in outer space, the broader term "aerospace engineering" has largely replaced it in common usage. Aerospace engineering, particularly the astronautics branch, is often referred to colloquially as "rocket science", such as in popular culture.


2⟩ What is Aerospace engineering?

Aerospace engineering is the primary branch of engineering concerned with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft and spacecraft. It is divided into two major and overlapping branches:

Aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautics deals with aircraft that operate in Earth's atmosphere, and astronautics deals with spacecraft that operate outside the Earth's atmosphere.


3⟩ What is ram jet?

A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a stovepipe jet, or an athodyd, is a form of jet engine with no moving parts. Ramjets cannot produce thrust at zero airspeed and thus cannot move an aircraft from a standstill.


4⟩ What is the minimum descent rate of the plane? without air traffic control?

A Pilot can descend up to 500" bare minimum, without informing the ATC (Air Traffic Controller) and this is only during an exceptional cases. However, it's always better to be in regular touch with the Air Traffic Controller and to keep him informed about the descent rate. This will not have any traffic problems during landing in the runway.


5⟩ How would you handle the extreme pressure during emergency situation if you know that plane is not safe and it might crash anytime?

Few professions demand you to be selfless, and our respective clients would be the most important thing, that is why customer service differs completely in such fields compared to other streams. For example, Doctors, Lawyers, Pilots…these are the professions where employee saving your customer is the up most important thing.

So, as a engineer I fully understand my duties and responsibilities and will ensure that whatever panic situation I could be in, I will continue to deliver my duties till the end and ensure passengers are safe all times. Simultaneously I will own the full responsibility of maintenance of Air Craft safe and in the airworthy condition.


7⟩ Aircraft engineering interview questions part 1

★ Why the fuselage of the pressurized aircraft is made of circular cross section?

★Can we put engines on the end of a wing? If not, then why?

★ What is ram jet?

★ Why you would like to join the aviation industry?

★ Doesn't simplification of complex honeycomb designed for thermal protection system of are usable launch vehicle jeopardize the accuracy of results?

★ Why insulating tiles on reusable launch vehicles must be isolated from one another?

★ Are thermal protection systems of space craft's commonly composed of one panel or a collection of smaller tiles?

★ Why are all shear loads and twisting moments set to zero for the preliminary design phase of TPS?

★ How difficult is to mould and shape graphite epoxies compared with alloys or ceramic that may be used for thermal protective applications?

★ What is the highest temperature the space shuttle undersurface experiences during its mission?


10⟩ Does the knowledge of mathematics of science is required to get into maintenance engineering?

The basic understanding of Math is important as it is not used at all the time during the course of aerospace engineering. One should have a basic understanding of mathematical definitions and knowledge on computers is very important as the computer programs will help in doing simple calculations and verify the results are reasonable.

But on the science front it is very important to have a very good understanding on various subjects like dynamics and mechanics in physics, strong emphasis on chemistry,electromagnetism. For a good engineer one should know how law of forces makes things happen.


11⟩ Explain the difference between Aeronautical Engineering and Astronautical Engineering?

★ Aeronautical engineering deals with vehicles which operates in the atmosphere

★ Aeronautical engineering deals with vehicles operating in space.

★ Aeronautical engineering works on tunnel tests, analyzing flight test data, manned space flights, planning future space missions, spacecraft operations, designing and testing robotic systems, developing new propulsion system, computing optimum flight trajectories,developing communication systems for distance space probes and designing new rockets.

★ Astronautical engineer includes designing power systems for spacecraft structure, developing communications systems for distant space probes, developing hardware skills for operations in spacecraft, designing and testing robotic systems, developing new propulsion systems and computing optimum flight.


13⟩ What made you choose aircraft maintenance engineering/aerospace engineer line as your career?

In aircraft maintenance/aerospace engineering there are lots of interesting topics which include rocketry, aeroplanes. As a school student I started sketching for future aircraft and space craft,military aircraft. I analyzed the importance of space travel, aviation history, and aerospace industry and hence decided to get into this field.


15⟩ List the main areas in Aviation?

★ Artificial intelligence

★ Aircrafts and parts

★ Advanced materials, composites and specialty metals

★ Computers, electronic components and systems

★ Fighters and attack aircraft

★ Government defense policies and goals

★ Lasers

★ Navigation controls and guidance systems

★ Ordinance and Military vehicles

★ Computers, electronic components and systems

★ Aviation electronic/Avionics

★ Robotics

★ Satellites

★ Search and detection equipments

★ Strategic defensive initiative

★ Sensors and instrumentation

★ Ships

★ Space vehicles and commercialization of space


16⟩ Describe liquid metal?

Mercury. "Liquid metal" is a type of alloy, a mix of three or more metals, with end results of similar properties and characteristics to plastic that cools faster and has more than twice the strength of titanium.


17⟩ Who is aircraft maintenance engineer (AME)?

An aircraft maintenance engineer (AME) is a licensed person who carries out and certifies aircraft maintenance. This same title is used in a number of different countries. A licensed aircraft maintenance engineer (L-AME) is an AME with an inspection authorization.


18⟩ What criteria need to be followed for an aircraft to be longitudinal statically stable?

★ To have a nose-down pitching disturbance that is used to produce the aerodynamics forces to give a nose-up restoring moment.

★ This restoring moment that is produced should be large enough to return the aircraft to its original position after the disturbance.

★ The requirements are met by using the tail-plain that is horizontal stabilizer used to provide the stability to the aircraft.


19⟩ What interests and abilities would help me as an Aircraft Maintenance Engineering/Aerospace engineer?

Successful aerospace engineers need lots of curiosity, problem solving skills,organizational skills, written and oral communication skills, people skills (as in leading and participating in teams) and computer skills. There are no physical requirements; in fact, we have many engineers with disabilities and it is not an issue for their job performance.


20⟩ What steps are required to solve the problems of aircraft flying high and at very large speed?

★ Build stiff wings that allow and provide the resistance to torsional diversion beyond the maximum speed of the aircraft.

★ Use two sets of ailerons and one outboard pair that can be operated at low speeds.

★ Use of one inboard pair that can be used to operate on high speeds, this will have less twisting impact when the ailerons are positioned outboard.

★ Use spoilers that can be positioned independently or can be paired with ailerons. These reduce the lift on the down going wing by interrupting the airflow over the top surface.