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“XMLHttpRequest related Frequently Asked Questions in various XHR2 job interviews by interviewer. The set of questions here ensures that you offer a perfect answer posed to you. So get preparation for your new job hunting”

28 XHR2 Questions And Answers

2⟩ Explain getAllResponseHeaders ()?

getAllResponseHeaders ():- Returns a collection of HTTP headers as string. If you want a specific header value, you can use getResponseHeader ("header name")


3⟩ What is Response?

Response: - Returns the response as XML. Therefore, this gives us DOM object model, which can then be traversed.


6⟩ How do we do asynchronous processing using Ajax?

xmlHttpObj.onreadystatechange = function1();

Above is the code snippet, which will help us to do asynchronous processing. So function1 () will be called when the XMLHTTP request object goes to on ready state change.


7⟩ What is send(content)?

The send(content) method transmits the request, optionally with postable string or the data of DOM object.


10⟩ What is statusText?

The 'statusText' property is used for string messages that accompany the status code.


12⟩ What is responseXML?

The 'responseXML' property is DOM-compatible document object of data returned from server process.


13⟩ How can we consume data directly in web services?

We can consume data directly using 'Sys.Data' controls. We know this is a very short answer for such an important question, but the bandwidth of this book does not allow for the same. We suggest the readers to practice some sample using the 'Sys.Data' control.

Note: - We have left important controls like Data controls, Login controls, Web part controls, mobile controls and profilescriptservice control. These controls will be rarely asked during interviews, but from project aspects they are very important.


14⟩ What is the fundamental behind Ajax?

XmlHttpRequest is the fundamental behind Ajax. This allows the browser to communicate to a back end server asynchronously.XmlHttpRequest object allows the browser to communicate with server with out posting the whole page and only sending the necessary data asynchronously


15⟩ What is CORS? How does it work?

Cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) is a mechanism that allows many resources (e.g., fonts, JavaScript, etc.) on a web page to be requested from another domain outside the domain from which the resource originated. It's a mechanism supported in HTML5 that manages XMLHttpRequest access to a domain different.

CORS adds new HTTP headers that provide access to permitted origin domains. For HTTP methods other than GET (or POST with certain MIME types), the specification mandates that browsers first use an HTTP OPTIONS request header to solicit a list of supported (and available) methods from the server. The actual request can then be submitted. Servers can also notify clients whether "credentials" (including Cookies and HTTP Authentication data) should be sent with requests.


16⟩ Explain what is JSON?

JSON is a very lightweight data format based on a subset of the JavaScript syntax, namely array and object literals. JSON allows communicating with server in a standard way. JSON is used as communication notation instead of XML.

Hide Copy Code

var oBike =


"color" : "Green",

"Speed": 200,


alert(oBike.color); //outputs "Green"

alert(oBike.Speed); //outputs 200

The above code creates an javascript object bike with two properties Color and Speed.


17⟩ How do I get the XMLHttpRequest object?

Depending upon the browser...

if (window.ActiveXObject) {

// Internet Explorer

http_request = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");


else if...



xmlhttpobj=new XMLHttpRequest();

return xmlhttpobj;






xmlhttpobj=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");



xmlhttpobj=new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP");





18⟩ What is Ready State?

Ready State: - Returns the current state of the object.

0 = uninitialized

1 = loading

2 = loaded

3 = interactive

4 = complete


19⟩ Can you explain Scriptmanager control in Ajax?

Scriptmanager control is the central heart of Ajax. They manage all the Ajax related objects on the page. Some of the core objectives of scriptmanager control are as follows:-

► Helps load core Ajax related script and library.

► Provides access to web services.

► ASP.NET authentication, role and profile services are loaded by scriptmanager control.

► Provided registration of server controls and behaviors.

► Enable full or partial rendering of a web page.

► Provide localization features.

In short , any Ajax enable page should have this control.


20⟩ Explain Open ("method", "URL", "async", "uname", "pswd")?

Open ("method", "URL", "async", "uname", "pswd"):- This method takes a URL and other values needed for a request. You can also specify how the request is sent by GET, POST, or PUT. One of the important values is how this request will be sent asynchronously or synchronously. True means that processing is carried after the send () method, without waiting for a response. False means that processing is waits for a response before continuing.