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“Cloud Computing frequently Asked Questions by expert members with experience in Cloud Computing. These questions and answers will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the new job test and quickly revise the concepts”



36 Cloud Computing Questions And Answers

1⟩ What is Public Cloud?

These are the platforms which are public means open to the people for use and deployment. For example, google, amazon etc. They focus on a few layers like cloud application, infrastructure providing and providing platform markets.

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2⟩ What is Hybrid Clouds?

It is the combination of public and private cloud. It is the most robust approach to implement cloud architecture as it includes the functionalities and features of both the worlds. It allows organizations to create their own cloud and allow them to give the control over to someone else as well.

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3⟩ Tell me how does cloud computing provides on-demand functionality?

Cloud computing is a metaphor used for internet. It provides on-demand access to virtualized IT resources that can be shared by others or subscribed by you. It provides an easy way to provide configurable resources by taking it from a shared pool. The pool consists of networks, servers, storage, applications and services.

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4⟩ What is the difference between scalability and elasticity?

Scalability is a characteristic of cloud computing through which increasing workload can be handled by increasing in proportion the amount of resource capacity. It allows the architecture to provide on demand resources if the requirement is being raised by the traffic. Whereas, elasticity is being one of the characteristic provide the concept of commissioning and decommissioning of large amount of resource capacity dynamically. It is measured by the speed by which the resources are coming on demand and the usage of the resources.

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5⟩ Can you please explain the difference between cloud computing and computing for mobiles?

Mobile cloud computing uses the same concept but it just adds a device of mobile. Cloud computing comes in action when a task or a data get kept on the internet rather then individual devices. It provides users on demand access to the data which they have to retrieve. Applications run on the remote server, and then given to the user to be able to, store and manage it from the mobile platform.

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6⟩ What resources are provided by infrastructure as a service?

Infrastructure as a Service provides physical and virtual resources that are used to build a cloud. Infrastructure deals with the complexities of maintaining and deploying of the services provided by this layer. The infrastructure here is the servers, storage and other hardware systems.

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7⟩ How to gain from utility computing?

Utility computing allow the user to pay per use means whatever they are using only for that they have to pay. It is a plug in that needs to be managed by the organizations on deciding what type of services has to be deployed from the cloud. Utility computing allows the user to think and implement the services according to them. Most organizations go for hybrid strategy that combines internal delivered services that are hosted or outsourced services.

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8⟩ What are the different layers of cloud computing?

Cloud computing consists of 3 layers in the hierarchy and these are as follows:

1. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) provides cloud infrastructure in terms of hardware like memory, processor speed etc.

2. Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides cloud application platform for the developers.

3. Software as a Service (SaaS) provides cloud applications which are used by the user directly without installing anything on the system. The application remains on the cloud and it can be saved and edited in there only.

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9⟩ What does software as a service provide?

Software as Service is another layer of cloud computing, which provides cloud applications like google is doing, it is providing google docs for the user to save their documents on the cloud and create as well. It provides the applications to be created on fly without adding or installing any extra software component. It provides built in software to create wide varieties of applications and documents and share it with other people online.

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10⟩ Can you please explain different layers which define cloud architecture?

Cloud computing architecture consists of many layers which help it to be more organized and can be managed from one place. The layers are as follows:

1. Cloud controller or CLC is the top most level in the hirerachy which is used to manage the virtualized resources like servers, network and storage with the user APIs.

2. Walrus is used for the storage and act as a storage controller to manage the demands of the users. It maintains a scalable approach to control the virtual machine images and user data.

3. Cluster Controller or CC is used to control all the virtual machines for executions the virtual machines are stored on the nodes and manages the virtual networking between Virtual machines and external users.

4. Storage Controller or SC provides a storage area in block form that are dynamically attached by Virtual machines.

5. Node Controller or NC is at the lowest level and provides the functionality of a hypervisor that controls the VMs activities, which includes execution, management and termination of many instances.

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11⟩ Do you know what are system integrators?

Systems integrators are the important part of cloud computing platform. It provides the strategy of the complicated process used to design a cloud platform. It includes well defined architecture to find the resources and the characteristics which have to be included for cloud computing. Integrators plan the users cloud strategy implementation. Integrators have knowledge about data center creation and also allow more accurate private and hybrid cloud creation.

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12⟩ What is the use of eucalyptus in cloud computing environment?

Eucalyptus stands for “Elastic Utility Computing Architecture for Linking

Your Programs to Useful Systems” and provides an open source software infrastructure to implement clusters in cloud computing platform. It is used to build private, public and hybrid clouds. It can also produce your own datacenter into a private cloud and allow you to extend the functionality to many other organizations. Eucalyptus provides APIs to be used with the web services to cope up with the demand of resources used in the private clouds.

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13⟩ Tell me how to secure your data for transport in cloud?

Cloud computing provides very good and easy to use feature to an organization, but at the same time it brings lots of question that how secure is the data, which has to be transported from one place to another in cloud. So, to make sure it remains secure when it moves from point A to point B in cloud, check that there is no data leak with the encryption key implemented with the data you sending.

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14⟩ What is the requirement of virtualization platforms in implementing cloud?

Virtualization is the basis of the cloud computing and there are many platforms that are available like VMware is a technology that provides the provision to create private cloud and provide a bridge to connect external cloud with private cloud. There are three key features that have to be identified to make a private cloud that is:

• Cloud operating system.

• Manage the Service level policies

• Virtualization keeps the user level and the backend level concepts different from each other so that a seamless environment can be created between both.

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16⟩ Do you know what essential things a user should know before going for cloud computing platform?

A user should know some parameters by which he can go for the cloud computing services. The parameters are as follows:

1. User should know the data integrity in cloud computing. It is a measure to ensure integrity like the data is accurate, complete and reasonable.

2. Compliance: user should make sure that proper rules and regulations are followed while implementing the structure.

3. Loss of data: user should know about the provisions that are provided in case of loss of data so that backup and recovery can be possible.

4. Business continuity plans: user should think about does the cloud services provide him uninterrupted data resources.

5. Uptime: user should know about the uptime the cloud computing platform provides and how helpful it is for the business.

6. Data storage costs: user should find out about the cost which you have to pay before you go for cloud computing.

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17⟩ Tell me what are some open source cloud computing platform databases?

Cloud computing platform has various databases that are in support. The open source databases that are developed to support it is as follows:

1. MongoDB: is an open source database system which is schema free and document oriented database. It is written in C++ and provides tables and high storage space.

2. CouchDB: is an open source database system based on Apache server and used to store the data efficiently

3. LucidDB: is the database made in Java/C++ for data warehousing. It provides features and functionalities to maintain data warehouse.

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18⟩ What is the security aspects provided with cloud?

Security is one of the major aspects which come with any application and service used by the user. Companies or organizations remain much more concerned with the security provided with the cloud. There are many levels of security which has to be provided within cloud environment such as:

• Identity management: it authorizes the application service or hardware component to be used by authorized users.

• Access control: permissions has to be provided to the users so that they can control the access of other users who are entering the in the cloud environment.

• Authorization and authentication: provision should be made to allow the authorized and authenticated people only to access and change the applications and data.

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19⟩ Explain what are the security laws which take care of the data in the cloud?

The security laws which are implements to secure data in the cloud are as follows:

Input validation: controls the input data which is being to any system.

Processing: control that the data is being processed correctly and completely in an application.

File: control the data being manipulated in any type of file.

Output reconciliation: control the data that has to be reconciled from input to output.

Backup and recovery: control the security breaches logs and the problems which has occurred while creating the back.

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20⟩ Explain what are the different deployment models?

Cloud computing supports many deployment models and they are as follows:

• Private Cloud

Organizations choose to build there private cloud as to keep the strategic, operation and other reasons to themselves and they feel more secure to do it. It is a complete platform which is fully functional and can be owned, operated and restricted to only an organization or an industry. More organizations have moved to private clouds due to security concerns. Virtual private cloud is being used that operate by a hosting company.

• Public Cloud

These are the platforms which are public means open to the people for use and deployment. For example, google, amazon etc. They focus on a few layers like cloud application, infrastructure providing and providing platform markets.

• Hybrid Clouds

It is the combination of public and private cloud. It is the most robust approach to implement cloud architecture as it includes the functionalities and features of both the worlds. It allows organizations to create their own cloud and allow them to give the control over to someone else as well.

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