### 1⟩ What is Cramers V used for?

1. Cramer’s V is used instead of X2 in analyses which are bigger than 2x2.

2. Cramer's V is used when assumptions for conducting chi square are violated.

3. Cramer's V is a measure of effect used for tests of association.

4. Cramer's V is a way of reporting the ratio between the observed and expected scores.

Answer: Cramer's V is a measure of effect used for tests of association.